Orace 11g RAC安装与配置 for RedHat Linux 6.2

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II前言................................................................................................................................. 1读者................................................................................................................................. 1文档结构.......................................................................................................................... 1第一部分:OracleGrid Infrastructure 安装........................................................................ 1一、[font="][size=11.0pt] Grid Infrastructure典型安装过程.................................................................. 11.[font="][size=11.0pt] 典型安装与高级安装................................................................................... 12.[font="][size=11.0pt] 典型安装准备.............................................................................................. 13.[font="][size=11.0pt] 安装准备所必须的手动任务......................................................................... 24.[font="][size=11.0pt] 安装Gird infrastructure................................................................................ 3二、[font="][size=11.0pt] 群集准备-Gird infrastructure高级安装.......................................................... 41.[font="][size=11.0pt] Linux操作系统准备..................................................................................... 42.[font="][size=11.0pt] 安装fixup脚本(可选).............................................................................. 43.[font="][size=11.0pt] 建立组、用户和路径................................................................................... 44.[font="][size=11.0pt] 检查硬件要求.............................................................................................. 55.[font="][size=11.0pt] 确认软件要求.............................................................................................. 96.[font="][size=11.0pt] 检查软件需求............................................................................................ 127.[font="][size=11.0pt] 校验和设置UDP和TCP内核参数.............................................................. 138.[font="][size=11.0pt] NTP配置................................................................................................... 139.[font="][size=11.0pt] 安装cvuqdisk包........................................................................................ 1510.[font="][size=11.0pt] 使能Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI).............................. 1511.[font="][size=11.0pt] 在安装期间自动配置SSH....................................................................... 1512.[font="][size=11.0pt] 配置Grid Infrastructure Software Owner用户环境.................................... 1513.[font="][size=11.0pt] 建立必须的目录..................................................................................... 1714.[font="][size=11.0pt] 群集名要求............................................................................................ 17三、[font="][size=11.0pt] 为Cluster and Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC)安装Grid Infrastructure配置存储 171.[font="][size=11.0pt] Oracle Clusterware and Oracle RAC存储选项综述........................................ 172.[font="][size=11.0pt] 了解ACFS................................................................................................ 173.[font="][size=11.0pt] 支持的存储选项........................................................................................ 174.[font="][size=11.0pt] 共享文件系统配置..................................................................................... 185.[font="][size=11.0pt] 检查软件需求............................................................................................ 216.[font="][size=11.0pt] 建立必须的操作系统组和用户................................................................... 247.[font="][size=11.0pt] 在所有节点配置SSH(可选)................................................................... 258.[font="][size=11.0pt] 配置Configuring Shell Limits, System Configuration和 Network Tuning Parameters 279.[font="][size=11.0pt] 配置Oracle用户环境................................................................................. 2810.[font="][size=11.0pt] 检查硬件需求........................................................................................ 2911.[font="][size=11.0pt] 检查网络硬件需求................................................................................. 2912.[font="][size=11.0pt] NFS所需网络参数................................................................................. 2913.[font="][size=11.0pt] IP地址需求........................................................................................... 2914.[font="][size=11.0pt] 检查网络安装........................................................................................ 3015.[font="][size=11.0pt] 使用CVU检查操作系统安装与硬件....................................................... 3016.[font="][size=11.0pt] 标识必须的软件目录.............................................................................. 3017.[font="][size=11.0pt] 标识已存在的Oracle Base目录............................................................... 30四、[font="][size=11.0pt] 配置Oracle Clusterware和Oracle Database存储........................................... 311.[font="][size=11.0pt] Orale cluster,database,recovery文件存储选项.......................................... 312.[font="][size=11.0pt] 存储选择指导方针..................................................................................... 313.[font="][size=11.0pt] 建立必须的目录........................................................................................ 314.[font="][size=11.0pt] 选择磁盘文件系统后的检查....................................................................... 325.[font="][size=11.0pt] 使用共享文件系统配置Oracle Cluster存储................................................. 326.[font="][size=11.0pt] 使用RAW设备配置Oracle Clusterware文件............................................... 337.[font="][size=11.0pt] 使用RAW LV设备配置Oracle Clusterware文件.......................................... 348.[font="][size=11.0pt] 为ASM配置磁盘...................................................................................... 379.[font="][size=11.0pt] 使用已存在的ASM磁盘组........................................................................ 3810.[font="][size=11.0pt] 为ASM配置磁盘................................................................................... 3811.[font="][size=11.0pt] 为数据库文件在RAW上配置磁盘.......................................................... 39第三部分:安装Oracle Clusterware 和 Oracle Real Application Clusters............................. 41五、[font="][size=11.0pt] 安装Oracle Clusterware.............................................................................. 411.[font="][size=11.0pt] 使用CVU检查Oracle Clusterware要求....................................................... 412.[font="][size=11.0pt] 使用OUI安装前准备................................................................................. 423.[font="][size=11.0pt] 使用OUI安装Oracle Clusterware............................................................... 434.[font="][size=11.0pt] 安装后格式化OCFS.................................................................................. 43六、[font="][size=11.0pt] 安装Oracle 10g Real Application Clusters..................................................... 431.[font="][size=11.0pt] 使用CVU校验数据库安装准备状态........................................................... 432.[font="][size=11.0pt] 运行DBCA,选择数据库配置类型............................................................. 443.[font="][size=11.0pt] 使用OUI安装Oracle database 10g步骤...................................................... 444.[font="][size=11.0pt] 在Windows 平台上的最小内存需求........................................................... 445.[font="][size=11.0pt] 卸载RAC软件.......................................................................................... 446.[font="][size=11.0pt] 从Windows环境删除Oracle Clusterware..................................................... 457.[font="][size=11.0pt] 卸载Oracle Clusterware并降级到9.2.......................................................... 458.[font="][size=11.0pt] 卸载ASM.................................................................................................. 46七、[font="][size=11.0pt] 使用DBCA建立RAC数据库..................................................................... 461.[font="][size=11.0pt] 在Oracle Real Applicaton Clusters上使用DBCA.......................................... 462.[font="][size=11.0pt] RAC高可用性服务.................................................................................... 46八、[font="][size=11.0pt] 安装之后操作............................................................................................ 471.[font="][size=11.0pt] 必须的操作............................................................................................... 472.[font="][size=11.0pt] 推荐操作................................................................................................... 47第四部分 Real Application ClustersEnvironment 配置...................................................... 48九、[font="][size=11.0pt] RAC 数据库参数管理................................................................................ 481.[font="][size=11.0pt] 参数文件与RAC........................................................................................ 482.[font="][size=11.0pt] 在Oracle RAC中使用SPFILE.................................................................... 483.[font="][size=11.0pt] RAC中参数文件搜索顺序.......................................................................... 48十、[font="][size=11.0pt] 了解已安装RAC的配置............................................................................ 481.[font="][size=11.0pt] 了解RAC配置环境................................................................................... 482.[font="][size=11.0pt] 什么是OCR............................................................................................... 493.[font="][size=11.0pt] 使用DBCA建立数据库组件...................................................................... 49第五部分 Oracle Clusterware与Oracle RAC安装参考信息............................................... 54附录A:安装过程中的疑难解答.............................................................................. 541.[font="][size=11.0pt] Oracle Cluster与RAC安装疑难解答........................................................... 54附录B:使用脚本建立RAC数据库......................................................................... 541.[font="][size=11.0pt] 使用脚本建立RAC数据库......................................................................... 54附录D:从一个单实例数据库转换到RAC群集........................................................ 551.[font="][size=11.0pt] 转换的先决条件........................................................................................ 552.[font="][size=11.0pt] 从单实例转换到RAC................................................................................. 553.[font="][size=11.0pt] Cluser上的单实例到RAC.......................................................................... 56附录E:RAC环境的目录结构................................................................................. 57附录F:如何处理一个已存在的RAC数据库............................................................ 571.[font="][size=11.0pt] 备份RAC数据库....................................................................................... 572.[font="][size=11.0pt] 关闭RAC数据库....................................................................................... 58

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