Oracle 11g数据库通过ABMR自动修复坏块的方法

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Oracle 11g通过ABMR自动修复坏块的方法在11g Active DataGuard中,如果我们使用real time的功能,我们就可以使用Automatic Block Media Repair的特性来修复主库的坏块. 因为当你使用了real time的功能后,你对主库的更新会迅速传到备库,此时主库出现坏块,我们可以相反的从备库上把已经applying的block在传回给主库。
1、open real time Feature
alter database recover managed standby database cancel;
alter database open read only; alter database recover managed standby database using current logfile disconnect; 2、Identify the blocks allocated to a table that contains containing data.
You may use the following query to translate the rowid to a file# and block#
select rowid, dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid) blockno, dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid) fnofrom test.testwhere rownum < 100/3. Using the block from the datafile identified file# using DD utility at OS level. dd if=/dev/zero f=/oradata/orcl/users.dbf count=1 seek=164 bs=8192 conv=notrunc4. Check the datafile for corruption : dbv file=/oradata/orcl/users.dbf blocksize=8192 5. Flush the buffer cache on primary database to force a re-read the data from disk alter system flush buffer_cache; 6. Attempt to select from the table. No error should occur and the data should return as valid select * from test.test where dbms_rowid.rowid_block_number(rowid)=164and dbms_rowid.rowid_relative_fno(rowid)=9/ 此时我们可以看到数据能够查询出来,那么看一下我们的后台alert日志,记录了下列内容: Wed Jul 07 17:34:25 2012 ALTER SYSTEM: Flushing buffer cacheWed Jul 07 17:35:09 2012Hex dump of (file 9, block 164) in trace file /oracle/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/dg1/dg1/trace/dg1_ora_4391.trcCorrupt block relative dba: 0x010000ab (file 9, block 164)Completely zero block found during multiblock buffer readReading datafile '/oradata/orcl/users.dbf ' for corruption at rdba: 0x010000ab (file 9, block 164)Reread (file 9, block 164) found same corrupt dataStarting background process ABMRWed Jul 07 17:35:09 2012ABMR started with pid=55, OS id=4364Auto BMR service is active.Requesting Auto BMR for (file 9, block 164)Waiting Auto BMR response for (file 9, block 164)Auto BMR successful以上方法详见mos文档:ID 1266059.1