Changing between 32-bit and 64-bit Word Sizes

教程发布:风哥 教程分类:ITPUX技术网 更新日期:2022-02-12 浏览学习:62

Changing between 32-bit and 64-bit Word Sizes

[table=80%]
[align=right]主题:[td=4,1]Changing between 32-bit and 64-bit Word Sizes
[align=right]文档 ID:注释:62290.1[align=right]类型:BULLETIN
[align=right]上次修订日期:28-OCT-2008[align=right]状态:PUBLISHED

[font=courier]SCOPE & APPLICATION-------------------This document is created to provide all the details for changing word size from32bit to 64bit. This document is a "cut/paste" of applicable sections from the Oracle9i Database Migration guide (A96530-02), to quickly provide the needed details and steps to change the word-size. This note is applicable to Oracle 8.0.x, Oracle8i, Oracle9i and Oracle10g.LIMITATIONS OF USE------------------This note is not applicable for:- databases having JVM installed in an Oracle8i environment, or - Oracle Applications installed in an Oracle8i environment To migrate these types of database, please check Note 183649.1 CHANGING WORD-SIZE------------------You can change the word-size of your Oracle database server during a migration,upgrade, or downgrade operation. A change in word-size includes the following scenarios: You have 32-bit Oracle software installed on 64-bit hardware and want to change to 64-bit Oracle software. You have 64-bit Oracle software installed on 64-bit hardware and want to change to 32-bit Oracle software. If you are changing word-size during a migration, upgrade, or downgrade operation then no additional action is required. The word-size is changed automatically during any of these operations. However, if you want to change the word-size within the same major release, then follow the instructions in"Changing the Word-Size of Your Current Release" below. For example, if you have the 32-bit version of Oracle release 9.0.1 and you want to switch to the64-bit version of Oracle release 9.0.1, then you must complete this procedure. The following information applies if you are changing your hardware from 32-bit to 64-bit or from 64-bit to 32-bit: If you want to change your hardware wordsize, then you should be able to switch from 32-bit hardware to 64-bit hardware and still use your existing32-bit Oracle software without encountering any problems, except on Linuxsystems (32-bit Oracle on 64-bit Linux is not supported). Always check to besure the combination is certified to run Oracle before proceeding with any changes.If you want to change your hardware from 64-bit to 32-bit, then you must first change your Oracle software to 32-bit software beforechanging your hardware wordsize. The on-disk format for database data, redo, and undo is identical for the 32-bit and 64-bit installations of Oracle. The only internal structural differences between the 32-bit and 64-bit Oracle installations are the following: The compiled format of PL/SQL is different. The instructions for how and when to recompile PL/SQL are provided in the appropriate chapters ofthe Migration book. The storage format of user-defined types is based on the release of Oracle that created the database. The existing storage format will be converted to the correct format transparently when necessary. User-defined types include object types, REFs, varrays, and nested tables.Note: For Oracle 9.2 In the first release of the migration guide it is said that changing the wordsize during upgrade or migration is not supported. This is incorrecta documentation bug has been logged for this. Bug 2590998 explains theerror in the documentation. This has been fixed in the second release of Oracle 9I release 2 (9.2) Migration guide where it is correctly writtenthat changing wordsize during the migration or the upgrade is supported.It is recomended to apply the latest patchset BEFORE the wordsize conversion.This would avoid some bugs and also some steps in this note during the wordsizeconversion, like Bug 1867501 and Bug 1926809.CONSIDERATIONS BEFORE PROCEEDING WITH THE ACTIONS BELOW-------------------------------------------------------1) It is necessary to reload OLAP when converting word size due to its dependency on plsql as documented in Note 386990.1. 2) Normally an upgrade to a newer release will automatically take care ofa word size change from 32-bit to 64-bit. However, upgrading 10gR1 to 10gR2 is an exception.Please refer toOracle® Database Upgrade Guide10g Release 2 (10.2)Part Number B14238-01[url]http://download-west.oracle.com/docs/cd/B19306_01/server.102/b14238/intro.htm#i1008703Converting Databases to 64-bit Oracle Database SoftwareIf you are installing 64-bit Oracle Database 10g software but were previously using a 32-bit Oracle Database installation, then the databases will automatically be converted to 64-bit during the upgrade to Oracle Database 10g except when upgrading from Release 1 (10.1) to Release 2 (10.2).Note:The process is not automatic for the release 1 to release 2 upgrade, but is automatic for all other upgrades. This is because the utlip.sql script. is not run during the release 1 to release 2 upgrade to invalid all PL/SQL objects. You must run the utlip.sql script. as the last step in the release 10.1 environment, before upgrading to release 10.2.3) Bug 5079213: ORA-6544 [56319] DURING UPGRADE FROM 10.1.0.5 32BIT TO 10.2.0.2 64BIT -- For patch upgrades that are changing word size, utlip.sql must be run manually as it is not automatically run as part of the upgrade.CHANGING THE WORD-SIZE OF YOUR CURRENT RELEASE----------------------------------------------The instructions in this section guide you through changing the word-size of your current release (switching from 32-bit software to 64-bit software orvice versa). Complete the following steps to change the word-size of your current release: 1. Start SQL*Plus. 2. Connect to the database instance AS SYSDBA. 3. Run SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE on the database: SQL> SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE Issue the command for all instances if you are running Oracle Parallel Server.============================================================================= Note: NCHAR columns in user tables are not changed during the upgrade. To change NCHAR columns in user tables, see "Upgrade User NCHAR Columns" in the Migration guide. =============================================================================4. Perform. a full offline backup of the database (optional, but highly recommended) See Also: Oracle9i User-Managed Backup and Recovery Guide for more information. 5. If you are using the same Oracle home for your current release and the release to which you are switching, then deinstall your current release using the Oracle Installer. You do not need to deinstall your current release if you are using separate Oracle home directories. 6. If you currently have a 32-bit installation, then install the 64-bit version of the same release. Or, if you currently have a 64-bit installation, then install the 32-bit version of the same release. ============================================================================= Note: Installation and deinstallation are operating system-specific. For installation and deinstallation instructions, see your Oracle9i operating system-specific installation documentation and the Oracle9i README for your operating system. Installation documentation can also be found at technet.oracle.com =============================================================================7. Copy configuration files to a location outside of the old Oracle home: a. If your initialization parameter file resides within the old environment's Oracle home, then copy it to a location outside of the old environment's Oracle home. The initialization parameter file can reside anywhere you wish, but it should not reside in the old environment's Oracle home after you switch to the new release. b. If your initialization parameter file has an IFILE (include file) entry and the file specified in the IFILE entry resides within the old environment's Oracle home, then copy the file specified by the IFILE entry to a location outside of the old environment's Oracle home. The file specified in the IFILE entry has additional initialization parameters. After you copy this file, edit the IFILE entry in the initialization parameter file to point to its new location. c. If you have a password file that resides within the old Oracle home, then move or copy the password file to the Oracle9i Oracle home. The name and location of the password file are operating system-specific; for example, on UNIX operating systems, the default password file is ORACLE_HOME/dbs/orapwsid, but on Windows platforms, the default password file is ORACLE_HOME\database\pwdsid.ora. In both cases, sid is your Oracle instance ID. ============================================================================= Note: For Oracle9i Real Application Clusters, perform. this step on all nodes. Also, if your initdb_name.ora file resides within the old environment's Oracle home, then move or copy the initdb_name.ora file to a location outside of the old environment's Oracle home. =============================================================================8. Change your environment to point at the new 64Bit ORACLE_HOME. Note: Check with platform. specific documentation if other env variables need to be changed e.g. LD_LIBRARY_PATH 9. If you are changing the wordsize of an Oracle 8.0, Oracle8i or Oracle9i 9.0.x database then please make the following changes in the 64-bit ORACLE_HOME/dbs init$ORACLE_SID.ora file to prepare for the wordsize change: aq_tm_processes=0 job_queue_processes=0 _system_trig_enabled= false Changing the first two parameters will avoid the problems detailed in Bug 1421476 and Bug 1816609 The last parameter should be set to FALSE for scripts which perform. dictionary operations as the objects on which the triggers depend may become invalid or be dropped, causing the triggers to fail and thus preventing the scripts from running successfully. See Note 149948.1 'IMPORTANT: Set "_SYSTEM_TRIG_ENABLED=FALSE" When Upgrading / Downgrading / Applying Patch Sets' for more info. If you are changing the wordsize of an Oracle9i 9.2.0.x or Oracle10g database, go to step 10.10. When changing wordsize from a 32-bit Oracle version to a 64-bit Oracle version, Oracle recommends doubling the size of parameters such as: SHARED_POOL_SIZE SHARED_POOL_RESERVED_SIZE LARGE_POOL_SIZE This is mainly due to an increase in the size of internal data structures. For an in-depth explanation of this, please see Note 209766.1 'Memory Requirements of Databases Migrated from 32-bit to 64-bit'11. At a system prompt, change to the ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin directory. 12. Start SQL*Plus. 13. Connect to the database instance AS SYSDBA. 14. If you are changing the wordsize of an Oracle 8.0, Oracle8i or Oracle9i 9.0.x database, run STARTUP RESTRICT: SQL> STARTUP RESTRICT You may need to use the PFILE option to specify the location of your initialization parameter file. If you are changing the wordsize of an Oracle9i 9.2.0.x database, run STARTUP MIGRATE: SQL> STARTUP MIGRATE If you are changing the wordsize of an Oracle10g database, run STARTUP UPGRADE: SQL> STARTUP UPGRADE15. Set the system to spool results to a log file for later verification of success: SQL> SPOOL catoutw.log If you want to see the output of the script. you will run on your screen, then you can also issue a SET ECHO ON statement: SQL> SET ECHO ON16. Run utlirp.sql: SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlirp.sql The utlirp.sql script. recompiles existing PL/SQL modules in the format required by the new database. This script. first alters certain dictionary tables. Then, it reloads package STANDARD and DBMS_STANDARD, which are necessary for using PL/SQL. Finally, it triggers a recompile of all PL/SQL modules, such as packages, procedures, types, and so on. 17. If you are migrating an Oracle 8.0, Oracle8i or Oracle 9i 9.0.x database, run the following script. SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/catalog.sql If you are migrating an Oracle9i 9.2.0.x database, run the following script. SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/catpatch.sql If you are migrating an Oracle10g 10.1.0.x or 10.2.0.x database, run the following script. SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/catupgrd.sql============================================================================= Note: If the patchset level is not being changed (for example, you are migrating a 9.2.0.8 32-bit database to 9.2.0.8 64-bit) then there is no need to run the $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/catpatch.sql script. or the $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/catupgrd.sql script. because the data dictionary is already at the correct level.=============================================================================18. Check the validity of the DBMS_STANDARD package: SQL> select status from dba_objects where object_name='DBMS_STANDARD' and object_type='PACKAGE' and wner='SYS';19. If the package is invalid, recompile it: SQL> alter package dbms_standard compile;20. If you are changing the wordsize of an Oracle 8.0, Oracle8i or Oracle 9i 9.0.x database, run the following script. SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/catproc.sql If you are changing the wordsize of an Oracle9i 9.2.0.x or Oracle10g database, no other script. needs to be run.21. Run the following SQL statement to check for invalid objects: SQL> select owner, object_name, object_type from dba_objects where status <> 'VALID';22. Turn off the spooling of script. results to the log file: SQL> SPOOL OFF Then, check the spool file and verify that the packages and procedures compiled successfully. You named the spool file in Step 15; the suggested name was catoutw.log. Correct any problems you find in this file (for example, compile any invalid objects) If you specified SET ECHO ON, then you may want to SET ECHO OFF now: SQL> SET ECHO OFF23. If you are changing the wordsize of an Oracle 8.0, Oracle8i or Oracle9i 9.0.x database, disable the restriction on sessions: SQL> ALTER SYSTEM DISABLE RESTRICTED SESSION;24. Shutdown the database. If you are changing the wordsize of an Oracle 8.0, Oracle8i or Oracle9i 9.0.x database, remove the following parameter from init.ora aq_tm_processes=0 job_queue_processes=0 _system_trig_enabled=falseThe word-size of your database is now changed. You can open the database for normal use.RELATED DOCUMENTS-----------------Note 214242.1 ORA-600 [17069] while running utlirp.sql converting to 8.1.7.4 64-BitBug 5079213: ORA-6544 [56319] DURING UPGRADE FROM 10.1.0.5 32BIT TO 10.2.0.2 64BIT -- For patch upgrades that are changing word size, utlip.sql must be run manually as it is not automatically run as part of the upgrade.Oracle 9i Database Migration Release 2 (9.2) Part Number A96530-01 (HTML) - [url]http://download.oracle.com/docs/cd/B10501_01/server.920/a96530/toc.htmOracle 9i Datbase Migraiton Release 1 (9.0.1) Part Number A90191-02 (HTML) - [url]http://download.oracle.com/docs/cd/A91202_01/901_doc/server.901/a90191/toc.htmOracle8i Migration Release 3 (8.1.7) Part Number A86632-01 (HTML) - [url]http://download.oracle.com/docs/cd/A87860_01/doc/server.817/a86632/toc.htmOracle8 Migration Release 8.0 Part Number A58243-01 (HTML) - [url]http://download.oracle.com/docs/cd/A64702_01/doc/server.805/a58243/toc.htmOracle Documentation Master Index - [url]http://www.oracle.com/technology/documentation/index.htmlModificaton History--------------------18-Nov-2004: Added affected product versions in header and documentation links.06-Oct-2006: Updated this note for Oracle10g25-Jul-2007: Updated this note to state that utlirp.sql needs to be run first

本文标签:
网站声明:本文由风哥整理发布,转载请保留此段声明,本站所有内容将不对其使用后果做任何承诺,请读者谨慎使用!
【上一篇】
【下一篇】